2019 Fuel Economy Guide
The U.S. Department of Energy has published a comprehensive report on the fuel economy of 2019 model year vehicles.
The purpose of EPA's fuel economy estimates is to provide a reliable basis for comparing vehicles.
Most vehicles in this guide (other than plug-in hybrids) have three fuel economy estimates:
- A "city" estimate that represents urban driving, in which a vehicle is started in the morning (after being parked all night) and driven in stop-and-go traffic
- A "highway" estimate that represents a mixture of rural and interstate highway driving in a warmed-up vehicle, typical of longer trips in free-flowing traffic
- A "combined" estimate that represents a combination of city driving (55%) and highway driving (45%)
Estimates for all vehicles are based on laboratory testing under standardized conditions to allow for fair comparisons.
Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs), which can use gasoline and E85, have estimates for both fuels. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have estimates for (1) electric- only or blended electric and gasoline operation and (2) gasoline-only operation. PHEVs are discussed in more detail on page 34. For answers to frequently asked questions about fuel economy estimates,